The concept of skin donation is gaining popularity in India these days. Some people are opting for skin donation out of virtuousness while others are willing to save the life of burn victims. Skin from a deceased person not only acts as dressing to burn victim but also helps in regeneration of new skin on the scorched body.
More than 7 million people in India suffer from burns or injuries every year. Thus, it is necessary to make people aware about skin donation to provide new life to the burn victims. Instead of burning or burying your body, make a choice of serving the needy people with it. One of the important reasons of skin donation is the simple procedure involved in it.
Lets check out the entire procedure of skin donation along with the reasons for opting it.
Any person can donate skin but the procedure must be undertaken within 6 hours of death.
The whole procedure of skin donation takes 30-45 minutes only.
Skin Bank team doesn’t accept any payment for undertaking the skin removal procedure.
The procedure of skin donation is accomplished in four steps:
1) Consent of the donor’s kin.
The team Skin Bank comes to the donor’s home, hospital or morgue wherever the donor is kept and takes consent from the donor’s kin for skin removal. Donor’s kin and a witness are required to sign the consent form before the procedure. Donor’s kin needs to provide the death certificate and its photocopy that will be evaluated by team before the procedure.
2) Blood collection
Before harvesting the skin, blood sample is taken from the deceased body and checked for HIV, Viral markers & Hepatitis at the Skin Bank. The blood of patients suffering from AIDS, Hepatitis B & C, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Skin Cancer, Active Skin Disease and Septicemia is not accepted by Skin Bank. Patients suffering from Diabetes and Hypertension can opt for skin donation. There is no blood matching, no color matching, no age matching required for skin donation.
3) Skin harvesting
Skin Harvesting is performed by Skin donation Team consisting of one Doctor, two Nurses and one attendant using a special instrument called Dermatome. Dermatome is a battery-operated surgical instrument used to cut very thin slices of skin. Skin is harvested from both the legs, both the thighs and the back. There are total 8 layers of skin but only the 1/8th layer i.e. the uppermost layer of the skin is harvested.
After the procedure, the donor’s body is properly bandaged and handed over to the kin.
The harvested skin is evaluated, processed, screened at skin bank, and then supplied to the Burns Surgeon for transplanting on burn patients.
The person donating the skin is remembered for heroic act even after death.
Research suggests that nearly 1 to 1.5 lakh people in India suffer from burns or injuries and require multiple surgeries every year. But, the sad fact is that enough skin is not donated to meet the need.
In India, the total number of skin donations received from January 2010 to July 2015 is 765.
Burns or injuries are the second largest group of injuries suffered by people in India every year. Your decision to donate skin might provide better quality of life to burn victim.
The donor must be at least 18 years of age.
There is no upper age limit; even a 100-year-old person can donate his skin.
No bleeding occurs during skin harvesting from donor’s body.
Skin donation doesn’t cause any disfigurement to the body.
Share this information about skin donation with everyone.